Borax decahydrate, also known as sodium borate decahydrate or simply borax, is a versatile crystalline compound that consists of boron, sodium, oxygen, and water molecules. It is a mineral salt that occurs naturally in evaporite deposits, primarily in arid regions such as deserts and salt flats. Borax decahydrate has been used for centuries in various applications due to its unique properties.
In its pure form, borax decahydrate appears as colorless or white crystals, with a powdery texture. It has a relatively low toxicity and is considered safe for most applications. It is soluble in water, allowing it to be easily dissolved and incorporated into various solutions.
Borax decahydrate finds extensive use in several industries and household applications. One of its primary uses is as a cleaning agent and laundry booster. Due to its alkaline nature, it helps to enhance the cleaning power of soaps and detergents by softening water and promoting the removal of dirt and stains. Borax is often added to laundry to boost the effectiveness of washing powders and improve the overall cleanliness of clothes.
Additionally, borax decahydrate is utilized in the production of various household products. It is a common ingredient in the formulation of glass and ceramic products, acting as a flux to lower the melting point of the materials. Borax is also employed in the manufacturing of enamel, fiberglass, and insulation materials. It imparts strength and durability to these products while improving their resistance to heat and chemical damage.
INCI: Borax Decahydrate
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